Designing the Perfect RV Park: A Guide to Infrastructure Planning

January 25, 2024

RV parks offer a unique and rewarding vacation experience for adventure seekers and nature enthusiasts alike. Whether you’re developing a new park or expanding an existing one, proper infrastructure planning is crucial to ensure that your guests have a safe and comfortable stay. From site evaluation to final construction, this article will guide you through the most important considerations and strategies for designing and implementing efficient infrastructure at your RV park.

Key Takeaways

  • RV park infrastructure planning is a crucial element in creating a successful RV park.
  • Site evaluation, layout design, and utilities planning are all key aspects of infrastructure planning for RV parks.
  • It’s important to consider amenities and future growth potential when planning RV park infrastructure.
  • Providing guests with reliable and safe electrical, water, and sewer systems is essential.
  • Proper infrastructure planning can help attract guests, increase revenue, and create a superior RV park experience.

Understanding RV Park Development

Before tackling infrastructure planning, understanding the RV park development process is crucial. RV park development involves multiple stages, such as:

  • Land acquisition
  • Permitting
  • Zoning compliance

Each stage is critical in creating a successful RV park.

Development Stage Description
Land acquisition Determining the location and size of the RV park.
Permitting Obtaining necessary permits from local, state, and federal government agencies. This may include environmental assessments, water and sewer planning, and road construction.
Zoning compliance Ensuring compliance with local zoning and land use regulations.

It’s essential to have a clear understanding of the development stages and regulations. Some municipalities may have specific requirements, such as proximity to highways or certain facilities like hospitals.

Once the land has been acquired, it’s time to move onto infrastructure planning. The following sections will cover the various aspects of infrastructure planning, including site suitability, layout design, utilities, and amenities.

Assessing Site Suitability for Your RV Park

RV park site development

Location is a crucial aspect of RV park development. Before investing in a property, it’s important to assess its suitability for an RV park based on a variety of factors.

Access to Amenities

One important consideration is access to nearby amenities and services, such as grocery stores, entertainment venues, and restaurants. Guests will appreciate having access to these conveniences during their stay.

Proximity to Attractions

RV parks located near popular tourist attractions or natural wonders are more likely to attract visitors. Consider the proximity of your potential site to national parks, beaches, or historical landmarks.

Environmental Impact

It’s important to assess the environmental impact of the site, including potential hazards in the vicinity like flood zones or toxic waste sites. Consider the land’s geological safeguards, such as potential earthquakes or other natural phenomena, as well as any climate changes that could impact the park in the long-term.

Remember, selecting the right site is just the starting point of RV park development. From there, the infrastructure must be planned and built to optimize guest experience.

Designing the Layout of Your RV Park

When it comes to designing an RV park, the layout is a crucial factor that can make or break the guests’ experience. A well-designed layout can create an efficient and visually appealing environment and increase overall guest satisfaction.

First and foremost, it’s essential to consider the placement of RV sites. The sites should be strategically located to maximize space while still allowing easy navigation for RVers. Placing them in a grid-like pattern, with angled parking facing the roads, allows for efficient use of space and easy access for guests.

Common areas, such as picnic tables, fire pits, and BBQs, should be strategically placed between RV sites to encourage social interaction and create a sense of community. Adding green areas and landscaping can also enhance the visual appeal of the park.

Another important factor to consider when designing the layout is the location and design of amenities. Ensuring easy access to amenities such as a pool, restrooms and showers, laundry facilities, and pet areas is crucial. They should be centrally located and have sufficient space to accommodate guests’ needs.

Moreover, a well-designed RV park should have clear directional signage to help guests navigate the park easily. Adequate parking spaces outside the RV site must be available without blocking roadways, for guest’s visitors.

Finally, a design that promotes a seamless and natural flow from one area to another should be created, making guests feel welcome, visible, and satisfied.

Planning Road Systems and Parking Areas

RV park road planning

Proper road systems and parking in your RV park are essential for a positive guest experience. RV park road planning needs to be comprehensive and well thought out to ensure easy navigation and accessibility throughout the park. When designing your park’s road networks, there are a few key factors to consider:

  • The number of vehicles and their size: Ensure that your roadways and parking areas can accommodate various vehicle sizes, including large RVs and trailers, as well as smaller vehicles like cars and motorcycles.
  • The type of road surface: Choosing the proper road surface depends on numerous factors such as weather, traffic, location, and available budget. Gravel, asphalt, or concrete – weigh the pros and cons of each option before making a decision.
  • The traffic flow pattern: Your road networks should facilitate easy traffic flow by providing one-way roads, clearly marked parking spaces, and easy-to-follow directional signage.
  • Accessibility for special needs guests: Consider implementing ADA-compliant parking areas and easy-to-access routes to amenities and other facilities for guests with disabilities.

When planning parking areas, take into account the size and distance between spaces, accessibility, and ease of use. Ensure there’s plenty of parking available around common areas in the RV park for guests’ convenience. By designing your RV park with a focus on easy access and comfortable navigation, you can provide an exceptional experience for all your guests.

Ensuring Reliable Electrical Infrastructure

RV park guests rely on safe and reliable electrical infrastructure to power their vehicle and enhance their stay. Thus, RV park development should prioritize electrical planning to ensure that the electrical systems are designed efficiently and meet the power demands of both small and large RVs.

Determining Power Demands

When planning the electrical infrastructure, it’s important to consider the number and types of RVs that will be accommodated. This will provide an estimate of the park’s power demand and helps to plan the electrical system accordingly. Park managers must also consider the local climate. In hot, summer months, air conditioning units draw more power, and provisioning must be closely aligned with demand.

Designing Electrical Hookups

Designing the electrical hookups requires a thorough understanding of the RV park’s layout and infrastructure system. Electrical hookups must be designed with safety in mind and comply with local electrical codes. Properly designed electrical hookups must reduce the risk of electrical hazards, shock, and short-circuiting.

Incorporating Measures for Electrical Safety

Electrical safety measures must include equipment grounding, ground-fault circuit interrupters (GFCI), and arc-fault circuit interrupters (AFCI). By including these measures, electrical accidents and fires can be prevented.

Electrical Safety Measure Description
Equipment grounding A safety wire that connects all electrical circuits and directs electrical faults to the ground.
GFCI An outlet that detects small changes in electrical current and shuts off the circuit in a fraction of a second when a fault is detected, preventing electrical shock.
AFCI An outlet that monitors the electrical current continually, automatically shutting down the circuit when dangerous arcing occurs.

When it comes to electrical infrastructure at an RV park, skimping is not an option. Electrical planning should be carefully assessed and treated with the utmost caution, as it protects both the RVers and the park.

Managing Water and Sewer Systems

RV Park Water and Sewer Planning

One critical aspect of RV park development is ensuring that guests have reliable access to clean water and properly managed sewage systems. Proper management of water and sewer systems is essential for ensuring the comfort and well-being of RV park guests.

In designing an efficient water system, park developers must consider factors such as the water source, water quality, water treatment, and water distribution systems. For example, if the park sources its water from a well, it’s essential to test the water regularly for purity and ensure it meets EPA and state standards. The park’s water distribution system should deliver adequate pressure and flow rates to every RV site, particularly during peak demand periods. Water supply and distribution should always be tailored to the park’s size, number of guests, and anticipated usage patterns.

As for sewage management, it’s critical to ensure that the park’s wastewater treatment system complies with local, state, and federal regulations, and has adequate capacity to handle the park’s anticipated volume. Developers must consider the location of the treatment facility in relation to the RV sites, choosing the best spot with respect to accessibility and prevailing winds. The park’s treatment system can vary from small, up to more complex systems that can treat several thousand gallons of wastewater a day.

Top tip: In planning for the park’s water and sewer systems, developers must adhere to local codes and best practices to avoid legal issues in the future. It’s ideal for park developers to work closely with a civil or environmental engineer when designing and building the park’s water and sewer infrastructure.

Water Supply Options

The park’s water supply is the most critical aspect of designing a water system. Water sources are classified into two broad categories: groundwater and surface water. Groundwater sources include wells while surface water sources include rivers, lakes, and reservoirs.

Water Supply Options Advantages Disadvantages
Groundwater Wells Cost-effective, lower risk of contamination, and minimal operational costs. Can be impacted by droughts, water quality issues, may require significant capital and operating costs.
Surface Water Sources Abundant water supply, ideal for parks located near rivers and lakes. Higher risks of contaminants, may require significant water treatment processes to meet safe drinking standards.

Sewage Management Systems

RV park sewage management is critical to maintaining sanitation, public health, and environmental standards. Sewage systems come in three main types: individual septic systems, community treatment plants, and discharge plants. Developers must be familiar with local and federal regulations when choosing a sewage management system for the park.

Septic systems are the most simple and affordable system to install, maintain and operate. When designed and installed properly, septic systems can treat wastewater and return it to the environment safely. Septic systems require homeowners to pump out solids from the system regularly. On the other hand, community treatment plants are suited to RV parks with significant wastewater disposal needs. Community plants can treat large volumes of wastewater. While discharge plants treat wastewater to acceptable standards, the treated water can be discharged into the environment.

In summary, effective management of water and sewage systems are essential requirements for designing a successful RV park. Park developers must consider water distribution, water suitability, treatment, and supply options on top of the sewage management system carefully. It is important to ensure compliance with local, state, and federal codes when developing these systems. By taking the correct steps, RV park owners can create a comfortable and safe space for RV guests.

Implementing Utilities and Hook-Up Options

RV park utilities are an essential aspect of attracting and accommodating RVers. Parks that offer reliable and convenient utility hook-ups, including water, sewer, and electricity, are more likely to attract visitors and receive positive reviews. Investing in efficient and functional utility systems can ultimately lead to increased revenue and customer satisfaction.

There are several different utility options available to RV park developers, including:

Utility Type Description
Full Hook-ups Offering water, sewer, and electrical hook-ups at each RV site.
Partial Hook-ups Offering water and electrical hook-ups at each RV site, but no sewer.
Dry Camping No utility hook-ups are available, and guests must rely on their own resources.

It’s essential to understand the needs and preferences of your target market when choosing a utility option for your park. For example, full hook-ups may be preferred by families or longer-term guests who need access to all utilities, while dry camping may appeal to more budget-conscious travelers or those seeking a more primitive camping experience.

In addition to the type of hook-up offered, it’s important to consider the quality and functionality of the utility systems themselves. A reliable and efficient electrical system is crucial for providing safe and consistent power to guests, while a well-designed water and sewer system can prevent issues with contamination and overflow. Be sure to work with a qualified contractor or engineer to design and install these systems, and conduct regular maintenance and inspections to ensure they are functioning properly.

By prioritizing reliable and convenient utility options within your RV park, you can attract and retain happy guests who are likely to recommend your park to others.

Considering Amenities and Recreational Facilities

RV park development

A well-designed RV park isn’t just about providing a place to park your vehicle. Guests will expect to find a variety of amenities and recreational facilities to enhance their stay. Here are some popular amenities to consider when developing your RV park:

Swimming Pools

A swimming pool is a desirable amenity for many RVers, especially families with children. It’s essential to ensure that the pool is designed and maintained to meet all safety standards, including fencing and depth markers. During the summer months, a pool can become a focal point for activity, hosting events and gatherings.


A playground area with equipment such as swings, slides, and climbing structures is a must-have for an RV park. Parents will appreciate having a safe and fun place for their children to play, while children will enjoy burning off energy in a new environment.

Laundry Facilities

Laundry facilities are a must-have for many RVers on extended trips. Whether it’s a small room with coin-operated machines or a larger facility with multiple washers and dryers, guests will appreciate being able to take care of their laundry needs while on the road.

Social Gathering Areas

Creating outdoor social gathering areas such as picnic tables, barbeque grills, and fire pits can foster a sense of community and encourage guests to interact with one another. These spaces can become the location for potluck dinners, impromptu concerts, and evening campfire stories.

By including amenities and recreational facilities in your RV park, you’ll not only attract more guests but also enhance their overall experience. Providing clean and functional amenities will keep guests coming back, season after season.

Planning for Future Growth and Expansion

Designing an RV park with future growth and expansion in mind is crucial for long-term success. As demand for RV parks continues to grow, having a plan in place to accommodate new guests and facilities will ensure your park remains competitive in the industry.

Consider the following strategies when planning for future growth:

Surveying the Local Market

Before expanding your RV park, it’s essential to survey the local market to understand existing and potential demand. Analyze your park’s occupancy rates, guest demographics, and competitor facilities to identify areas for improvement and new opportunities for growth.

Maximizing Current Facility Space

Before investing in new facilities, it’s important to maximize the space of your current RV park. Consider adding new amenities, such as a dog park or outdoor pavilion, to make your park more attractive to new guests. Additionally, you can update existing facilities to improve guest comfort and experience.

Working with Local Zoning Regulations

Expanding your RV park may require you to work with local zoning regulations. Before making any changes, ensure that you comply with all applicable regulations to avoid legal issues later on.

Collaborating with Contractors and Engineers

Partnering with experienced contractors and engineers is vital for successful RV park expansion. They can help you determine cost estimates and develop construction plans that will make expansion easier to manage.

Implementing a plan for future growth and expansion will ensure that your RV park remains competitive and can continue to provide guests with an exceptional experience.


Well-designed infrastructure is the cornerstone of any successful RV park. By carefully planning and implementing utilities, road systems, and amenities, park owners can create an environment that ensures a comfortable and enjoyable experience for RVers.

Throughout this guide, we have discussed the critical factors to consider when developing an RV park, including site suitability, layout design, and future expansion. By following these strategies, park owners can create a welcoming environment that attracts and retains guests.

Remember to prioritize safety, accessibility, and convenience when designing your RV park’s infrastructure. By doing so, you can create a space that allows RVers to relax and enjoy their surroundings with ease.

Keep this guide as a reference for your RV park development project and check and double-check that no detail is overlooked. As always, the key to success is in the planning, and by following these tips, you can design the perfect RV park that meets the expectations of even the most discerning guests.


What is RV park infrastructure planning?

RV park infrastructure planning refers to the process of designing and developing the necessary infrastructure for a recreational vehicle (RV) park. This includes planning and implementing utilities, roads, parking areas, electrical systems, water and sewer systems, and other amenities to create a functional and comfortable environment for RVers.

Why is infrastructure planning important for RV parks?

Infrastructure planning is crucial for RV parks to ensure a smooth and enjoyable experience for guests. Proper planning allows for efficient navigation and accessibility within the park, reliable electrical and water supply, effective management of wastewater, and the provision of essential amenities. It also takes into account future growth and expansion, allowing for the park’s facilities to meet the demands of RVers.

What factors should be considered when assessing the suitability of a site for an RV park?

When assessing site suitability for an RV park, factors such as access to amenities, proximity to attractions, environmental impact, and the availability of utilities should be considered. Additionally, the size and topography of the site, as well as zoning and permitting requirements, play a crucial role in determining the feasibility and desirability of the location.

How should the layout of an RV park be designed?

The layout of an RV park should be designed with efficiency and guest comfort in mind. Factors such as RV site placement, common areas, and amenities should be carefully considered. The goal is to create an aesthetically pleasing and functional layout that maximizes space and ensures ease of navigation for RVers.

What are the key considerations for planning road systems and parking areas in an RV park?

Planning road systems and parking areas in an RV park requires consideration of different vehicle sizes, traffic flow patterns, and safety. The road networks should provide easy access to RV sites and amenities, while parking areas need to accommodate RVs of various lengths and widths. Additionally, proper signage and lighting should be incorporated to enhance navigation and safety.

How can reliable electrical infrastructure be ensured in an RV park?

Reliable electrical infrastructure in an RV park can be ensured by determining the power demands of RVers and designing electrical hookups accordingly. The electrical systems should be capable of supplying the required electrical load while adhering to safety regulations. Regular maintenance and routine inspections also contribute to ensuring reliable electrical supply within the park.

What considerations are important when managing water and sewer systems in an RV park?

When managing water and sewer systems in an RV park, considerations such as water supply, wastewater treatment, and hook-up options should be taken into account. The systems should be designed to provide adequate water pressure and volume for RVers while incorporating measures for wastewater treatment and management.

What are the different utility options available for RV park hook-ups?

RV parks offer different utility options for hook-ups, including full hook-ups, which provide electrical, water, and sewer connections, partial hook-ups that offer electricity and water but no sewer, and dry camping, which does not include any utilities. The choice of utility options depends on the needs and preferences of RVers and the available infrastructure.

What amenities and recreational facilities should be considered when developing an RV park?

Amenities and recreational facilities add value to an RV park and enhance the guest experience. Popular amenities to consider include swimming pools, playgrounds, picnic areas, laundry facilities, Wi-Fi access, and social gathering spaces. The selection of amenities should align with the target demographic and the overall theme and vision of the RV park.

How should future growth and expansion be considered when designing an RV park?

Planning for future growth and expansion is essential when designing an RV park. Considerations may include leaving room for additional RV sites, amenities, or recreational facilities. This may involve consulting zoning regulations, construction considerations, and permit requirements to ensure that the park’s infrastructure can accommodate future expansion in a seamless manner.